Causes and symptoms of a panic attack
Signs and symptoms of panic attack
Panic attacks begin suddenly, almost at any time and regardless of what the person is doing. A panic attack can reach the patient at home and at work, in transport and in a shopping center, it can even begin in a dream. Panic attacks are characterized by the following signs and symptoms, which can manifest themselves both all at once or several at a time:
- a sense of imminent danger, doom;
- fear of losing control over the situation;
- unfounded fear of death;
- heart palpitations;
- shortness of breath;
- chest pains, headaches, abdominal cramps;
- weakness and dizziness;
- inability to breathe and swallow;
- sudden weakness;
- nausea and dizziness;
In his own words, an attack is usually described as follows: the heart beats strongly and quickly, the legs are taken away, a lump rolls up to the throat, it darkens in the eyes, an indescribable fear covers.
Panic attacks usually last from 5 to 20 minutes, reaching a peak, and then going down.
During a panic attack, what scientists call depersonalization often happens. A person feels so helpless, and the situation is uncontrollable, that he seems to be detaching himself from himself, playing the role of an observer coming out of his own body. Instead of relief, depersonalization brings even more confusion and disorientation into the situation.
One of the most unpleasant side effects of panic attacks is the fear that they can happen again. Because the patient is not able to find out. when the next attack happens to him, he becomes afraid to leave the house, loses his sense of security. Left untreated, panic disorders can lead to social isolation, depression, suicidal thoughts, and other phobias.
Caffeine, alcohol and drugs can trigger panic attacks.
In people exposed to panic attacks on an ongoing basis, panic disorder is diagnosed. This diagnosis, in addition to the attacks themselves, is also associated with the constant feelings of anxiety and anxiety experienced by the patient.
Causes of Panic Attacks
Scientists do not know what is causing the panic attack. Studies have determined that natural attacks are involved in such attacks, which are responsible for the body’s natural reactions to danger, but why the “alarm” is turned on without a reason is still unknown. It is believed that there is a genetic predisposition for panic attacks, but it is also known that people with violent, choleric temperament are more susceptible to attacks, as well as those whose psyche has been under stress for a long time.
Risk factors for panic attacks are death and serious illness of loved ones, significant stress, traumatic events such as disasters, or experienced violence.
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