Child development calendar up to 1 year

The child’s development calendar is a unique map that allows you to track the progress of a growing child by major milestones: up to a year - monthly, and then - over longer time intervals.

This is a kind of list of skills that have been mastered by the crumb, as well as actions taken by loved ones and useful for the little ones.

 child development calendar

child development calendar

The first three years of the baby’s existence are the most fertile ground for the formation of his mental and physical qualities, it was not for nothing that one famous teacher compared the children in these age limits to “mental embryos.”

It has been proved that this period is the fastest Tros are formed by connections between neurons in the brain. And it can be seen with the naked eye: only the child was lying wrapped in a diaper, and some ten weeks went by - and he was already tumbling all over the bed and pulling into his mouth everything that happened to be at hand.It is advisable not to miss the moment and start developing the baby literally from the first minutes of being near it.

Twelve months cherished: a time of tremendous change

rich life span for a small child. Every month amazing discoveries and new skills await him. And although it seems that parents do not influence this process in any way, studies show that children with whom they purposefully engaged during the first year of life have higher rates in many characteristics.

 

Thefirstthirtydays:theneonatalperiod.

Atthistime,thebabyismostlyasleep,buteveninthismode,hecopeswiththedifficulttaskofadaptingtotheworldheisusedto.Themainthingthatneedstobedecidedatthisstageistoregulatetheprocessofbreastfeeding,becausemodernpsychologistsbelievethatonlyifthebabyisfedondemand,beforethechild"givesavote,"canthechilddevelopatrustingattitudetotheworld.

Ifyouputthebabyonhisstomach,heisalreadytryingtoraisethehead.Atthesightofbrightobjects,thekidtriestofocushiseyes,whichoftendivergeindifferentdirectionsduetotheweaknessofthemusclesresponsibleforthemovementoftheeyeballs.Thearmsandlegsofthebabyareinastateofnaturalhypertone,andthemainreflex-sucking-istriggeredwhenanyobjectapproachesthemouth.

 

Thesecondmonth:fightingthenaughtyhead

Themaintaskthatthechildcopeswithduringthesecondmonthistolearntoholdthehead,notonlylyingonthetummy,butalsowhenitisheld“upright”.Healreadyfocuseshiseyesbetter,beginstorespondlittlebylittletofriendlyintonations,smilesmoreconsciously.Ifyoutalkwithyourbaby,bendinghisfacelowoverhim,hewilltrytoanswerinhisinfantlanguage.

Thirdmonth:moreandmoreactivemovements

Inthethirdmonth,thebabycanalreadymakethefirstarbitrarymovement:

  • toholdthetoy,ifyouputitinthepalmofyourbaby;
  • lifttheshouldergirdleabovethesurfaceofthetable,ifyouturnitoveronthetummy;
  • holdhead,ifitiscarriedbya“soldier”;
  • pulltheheadforwardwhenitislyingonitsback,trytoliftitbythehandles
  • followtheeyesofthemovingtoy
  • turnoverfromthebacktothebarrel
  • smileconsciously,reactingsotothefriendlyappealtoit
  • giveaspeechthatconsistsofseveralindistinctsounds.

Atthistime,thebabybecomesmuchmoreanimated,moreawakeandgladlyexamineseverythingheseesaroundhim.

 

Thefourthmonth:thefirstattemptstosit

Learningtosit

 

Bythistime,thekidhaslearnedtocopewithhisdisobedientheadandhisdevelopmentinexorablygoeson:

  • headcanturntowardaloudsound;
  • thepensareactivelydrawntoanattractivetoy
  • thekidwithinterestprobesallobjectsaroundhimandeventriestopullthemtothemouth
  • whenpullingbythehandlesthecrumbcansitdownandsitforawhilewiththesupportofthebackrest;
  • thevoiceoftheclosebabieslearnsfromafar,revives,hearingthem,showingjoy
  • inarsenlespokensoundsappearfirstclearvowels.

Atthesametime,thechildkeepswellinsightofamovingobject,therefore,bytheway,therewillbemobiletoys.

 

Fromfivemonthstosixmonths:wesitandtalk

infivetosixmonths,dependingonthestrengthofthemusclesback,thebabybeginstositontheirown,withoutsupportfromtheback.Toysarebecomingincreasinglyimportanttohim:

  • thelittleonedoesnotjustlookatobjectssuspendedabovethecotoranarena,butactivelytriestogetthemwiththeirpens,grab,shakeandtouch;
  • ifthetoyislying,thekidcanalreadyturnhimselffromthebacktothebarrel,thence-tothetummy,and,pullingonehandlefromunderhim,trytogetherthedesiredobject.Thisisoneofthemostdifficultchainsofactionsthatthecrumbtriestobringtolife;
  • lyingonthetummy,thechildcantransfertheweightofthebodyfromonehandletoanotherwithoutfallingdown;
  • simpleconsonantsappearinthearsenalofsounds,andbehindthem-thefirstsyllables“ba,ma,pa,dya”);
  • allthelittlethingsthatcometohandarepulledintothemouthwithenthusiasm:first,becausethefactthathisteethareactivelyerupting,andsecondly,becausetheknowledgeoftheworldbythebabyisdirectlyrelatedtotastereceptors.

Attheendofthefirsthalfoftheyearthereisanewoneresearchstageinthelifeofthebaby.

 

Seventoeight:asmallresearcher

Usuallyatseven-eightmonths,babiesmakethefirstattemptstocrawl,andhowonlytheyturnouttobesuccessful,parentslosetheirpeace.Therefore,itisbettertoprepareinadvancetheroominwhichthebabyis,removingalltraumaticobjectsfromthefieldofview.

  • Achildofthisageisalreadybeginningtoshowcharacter,demandingwhathewantstoreceive,cryingorloudcries.Itisimportanttolearnhowtoswitchhisattentioninordertoavoidconflictsituationsinthefuture.
  • Byholdingontothesupport,thebabymaywellstandonhisfeet.Ideally,ifyoucanleaveittoplayinanarenaorcribwithstrongstraightsides.
  • Duringthisperiod,ifyouwish,youcaneasilyteachyourkidthefirstmanifestationsofcourtesy(nodwhenyoumeettheguestsandasasignofgratitude,wavethepeninasignfarewell).
  • Thearsenalofsoundsisnotparticularlyenriched,butthechild,withoutstopping,repeatsthesyllablesthathemasteredearlier,thusformingthefirstwords.Onthebasisofthesesyllables,youcanmakenewphrases,suggesttheirbaby.

Themainthingwhatakidofthisageneedsisanopportunitytoquietlyexploretheworldaroundhim.

 

Fromninetoten:wedeveloppens

Atthisage,thekidmakesastartlingdiscovery:someitemscanbeputinsideothers,andthenyoucanpouritallback.Forsuchanactivity,thebabycanspendwholehours,sohejustneedsdifferentcups,bucketswithlids,boxesandcups,aswellasvariouslittlethings-toys,balls,sticks,checkers.

Disconnectedsyllablesgraduallyturnintoconsciouswordsandevenshortphrases("Daddy,Dai,""Baba,Go").Thekidlistenstofairytaleswithenthusiasm,playswithwristdollswithpleasure.

Movementactivitycontinuestoprogress-manychildrenatthistimearetakingtheirfirststeps,andthevastmajorityofkidsareleftwithoutsupport.Thereisinterestintheballs,thefirstskaters.

 

Fromeleventooneyear:thefinalstraight

Towardtheyear,thekidsgraduallyturnintolittlemonkeysthatcopyalladultswithoutexception.Thisperiodisgoodformasteringimitativegames.

Thefirstaspirationforindependencewakesupinthebabywhichshouldbesupportedineveryway:allowthechildtocompletetheprocessofdressinganythinghimself,eatwithaplasticspoon,cleanuptoysandshoesafterawalk.Themainthingisnottorushthelittlehelper,otherwisethenaturaldesiretodoeverythingwilldisappear.

Communicationwiththechildatthisageallowsyoutoenrichhisvocabularyandteachhimtoexpresshisdesires.Thisisaveryimportantskill,becauseachildwhocansaywhathewantswillbemuchcalmerthanababythatnooneunderstands.

Theabilitytowalkwithoutsupportdevelopsandimproves.Intheprocess,thechildcanalreadysquatdown,pickupthedesireditemfromthefloor,standupandmoveon.

Ofcourse,allthegiventermsarerelative.Eachbabydevelopsathisownpaceandinthedirectionheneeds.Therefore,eachparentcaneasilycreatetheirowncalendar.

 

From year to three: a long way as one instant

Calendar child development after the year is even more relative than the calendar of the first twelve months. In children, temperament is becoming more and more apparent and in the development of their own priorities: someone will be enthusiastically drawing, sculpt and look at pictures,and someone - run along the street and jump around the apartment. Accordingly, the first baby will develop speech faster, and the second - coordination of movements. There are several important points in the development of the baby from one to three years:

  • Formation of a strong psyche. Up to three years, the baby’s brain develops at 80 percent of its maximum possible level. Such a rapid development of the nervous system will proceed normally only in a prosperous family environment, in the presence of a benevolent environment.
  • The development of the nervous system. Up to three years there is an active establishment of connections between the brain cells, the more neurons will be involved during this period, the higher will be the level of mental activity in the future. In order for the baby's brain to develop, it is necessary to provide him with a sufficient sensory load.
  • The study of the surrounding world is an important activity for the baby. He enthusiastically examines every corner of every place where he finds himself.
  • Speech development. The main task of a small philologist is to learn as many words as possible and learn how to build correct sentences.In many ways, this is facilitated by the start of a visit to the kindergarten group.
  • The first crisis. Usually by the age of three the child begins to feel more independent than adults perceive him. This explains the emergence of a conflict period. The main thing that parents can do is not to suppress a small person, but to give her the opportunity to determine the limit of her abilities by her own experience.


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