Colony Apple "Vasyugan": description of the variety, planting and care
Apple tree "Vasyugan": description of the variety
In terms of growth, the columnar apple “Vasyugan” refers to semi-dwarf, a tree grows in one trunk. The maximum height of an apple tree is 3 m, it reaches “Vasyugan” at the age of 6 - 8 years.
The krone is very compact, without side branches. Fruiting apple varieties "Vasyugan" focused on shortened internodes (kolchatkah), abundantly covering the trunk in the form of a column. Due to the complete absence of branches and due to the shortened internodes it seems that the fruits grow right on the trunk.
Apples grow of medium size, on average, the weight of one fruit is 100-150 g, but in some cases it can even go up to 200 g. The shape is conical and elongated, the skin color is yellowish-green with a reddish striped blush. The flesh has a fine-grained structure and is painted in a white-cream tone. Taste is saturated, sweet-sour, by tasting criteria apples of the variety “Vasyugan” belong to the dessert type. The fruit is very fragrant.
The average yield of "Vasugan" is 5-6 kg from one tree, the maximum is 10 kg. The undeniable dignity of the columnar apple is its precocity. After landing on a permanent place, you can get the first fruits in the first year, in the future, the yield increases. Apple tree is able to effectively bear fruit for 15 years, after which the yield is significantly reduced. According to gardeners, it is necessary to plant new copies every 10 years to update the planting.
Rules for planting a columnar apple
It is possible to start planting seedlings of the columnar apple variety “Vasyugan” in autumn and in spring. It is recommended to choose a sunny place, because in bright light the apples become tastier and acquire a special taste. However, it is best to avoid its location in the sun and drafts, as well as with groundwaters above 4 meters.
The best for planting are loamy and loamy-sandy loam soil types. The soil should be loose, with good permeability and aeration.
Pits for planting apple seedlings "Vasyugan" should be prepared in advance. Do this as follows:
- Dig a hole 50 cm wide and 80 cm deep.In this case, the upper layer is deposited in one direction, and the lower, less fertile - in the other.
- The top layer of soil is mixed with wood ash, compost and superphosphate and lay the substrate in the prepared pit.
- Apple seedlings "Vasyugan" placed at a distance of 40 cm from each other, between the rows - 1 m.
The tree is planted together with a support-peg, to which it must be tied with a soft cloth. It is installed on the leeward side. This is done in order not to damage the bark. After planting, the seedling needs to be shed with plenty of water and mumbled with mowed grass.
Nuances of care for the columnar apple "Vasyugan"
In the first year after planting, the apple tree must be watered, loosened the soil in the tree circle and apply fertilizer. If it seldom rains during the season, then spend the wetting once a week in the evening. After watering or rain, it is recommended to break through the soil. Do this with care not to damage the roots.
The peculiarity of care for the variety "Vasyugan" is apple pruning. This procedure differs from the standard formative and sanitary pruning characteristic of common varieties.Celled apple trees do not require lateral branches. They are pruned in the spring into two buds. By the fall on this place there are several shoots growing up. They are also cut into two buds.
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