Definition and typical symptoms of depression

The word "depression" comes from the Latin deprimo - suppress, crush. This is currently the most common mental illness. Approximately every tenth person on the planet over 40 is depressed. And the older we get, the higher the probability of getting this mental disorder. In addition, women are significantly more likely to suffer from depression than men.
Depression is characterized by the following symptoms:
- loss of interest in the usual activities, work, hobbies
- reduced self-esteem
- depressed mood for a long time
- pessimism in judgments and estimates
- motor inhibition
Seasonal exacerbations are properly called seasonal affective disorder (ATS), in which people with normal psyche have depressive symptoms at certain times of the year, more often in winter.There are three main types of depressive state.The first is dysthymia, when a person is subject to constant bad mood for a long time, not less than 2 years, of time. Less long, from one month to six months, outbreaks are called depressive episodes. They are harder and harder and often lead to suicide attempts. Finally, the third type is a depressive disorder in which depressive episodes recur with a certain regularity.
That exogenous depression is the norm, and only endogenous depression is a mental disorder - a myth. The latter may be depressive episode, while severe disorders are often caused precisely from the outside.Depending on the cause, depression distinguishes exogenous, or reactive, and endogenous. Exogenous depression is considered when it is the result of external events, for example, the loss of work or the death of a loved one. It is also called reactive because it is, accordingly, a reaction to negative external situations. If there are no visible external causes of depression, then it is called endogenous, that is, caused by internal causes.Often, they are not even recognized by the patients, since “it seems that nothing like this is happening.” Exogenous depression is diagnosed about 2 times more often than endogenous.
As a rule, depression begins with unobvious symptoms, which people may not attach any importance to. This may be a sleep disorder, irritability, unwillingness to communicate a lot and perform usual daily activities. Appeal to a specialist is necessary if these symptoms persist for more than 2 weeks and only worsen. This means that a depressive disorder has entered a phase of development and, in the event of refusal of treatment, can lead to dire consequences, including the complete loss of a normal social life, the breakdown of a family and even suicide.
In this case, treatment is far less often required to place the patient in a hospital, so if you are diagnosed with depression, to frighten yourself with an asylum will only harm you.


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