How to relax in Indonesia: the island of Java
Buddha Temple Borobudur
BorobudurIt was built in the 9th century and is considered one of the largest Buddhist temple complexes in the world. After the eruption of the volcano, in about 1006, the temple was partially destroyed and completely covered with ashes. Local residents were forced to leave their homes, the temple remained abandoned and the whole jungle overgrown. For many centuries, Borobudur remained hidden from the eyes of people, and only in 1814 did researchers stumble upon a pile of stones with a pattern carved on them. The excavation began. Only by the end of the 20th century the complete restoration of the temple complex and the area around it was completed.
The temple is built in the form of a pyramid, on a high hill, among mountains and rice terraces. The height of Borobudur is 34 meters and it consists of eight tiers. Eight tiers - eight steps to enlightenment. At the very top of the pyramid there is a huge stupa, which symbolizes the ultimate goal of the Buddhist teachings - nirvana. There is nothing inside the temple, but it is generously decorated with exterior carved panels (1500 bas-reliefs and 500 Buddha statues), and around the main stupa upstairs 72 more are placed in the form of smaller bells.Borobudur is majestic and grand. Included in the UNESCO list.
Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park
This National Park is known for having several volcanoes located on its territory. The park area is huge - more than 500 square meters. km, in the territory among the tropical jungle there are also 4 lakes, rivers, a waterfall. But mostly those who are interested in volcanoes come here.
Bromo Mountain (altitude 2300 m) is located inside a hugeTengger Calderawhose width is about 11 km. Inside the caldera, around the mountain, five volcanoes -Bromo(height over 2300 m),Batok(height over 2400 m),Vatangan(height over 2650 m),Kursi(height over 2550 m) andWidodar(height over 2600 m). All volcanoes, except Batok, are active. From the outside, seven more mountain peaks surround the caldera.
In another part of the national park you can see the highest volcano of the island of Java -Seven. Semeru height is about 3700 m, it has several craters, in one of them there is a lava lake. The last few years, the volcano has become more active, emissions of gas and ash occur every 30 - 40 minutes.
The most spectacular views of ancient volcanoes can be observed at dawn.Therefore, on any viewing platform of the park, by 5 am quite a lot of people gather. Do not forget that the mountains are cool enough, dress warmer and then nothing can prevent you from seeing everything with your own eyes.
Not far from the mountain Bromo isWonderful waterfall Madacarypura. The waterfall is located inside the cliff, consists of seven cascades, about 200 m high. To see the most important one, you will have to walk along the path through the water streams of smaller cascades. The waterfall is not stormy - you should not be afraid.
Temple complex Prambanan
The complex has collected several Hindu and Buddhist temples. LocatedPrambanannear the capital of the island, near the volcano Merapi, the territory of the complex extends for many kilometers. It consists of three zones: in the central part - 8 main and 8 small temples, in the middle part - a lot of less significant temples, there is also the outer part - here you will find very small temple buildings that were more affected by the earthquake in 2006. Soon after construction (VIII –IX century), the temple complex was abandoned and fell into decay, only in 1918 the restoration was begun.Since 1991, Prambanan has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The walls of all the temples are decorated with carved bas-reliefs and frescoes depicting scenes from the Ramayana, the god Shiva creating and destroying the world, the bird Garuda, which is now a symbol of Indonesia. The main temple of the Loro Jongrang complex, 45 meters high, consists of three temples dedicated to the gods Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu. It is surrounded by several other equally important temples dedicated to animals that transported the gods -the bull of the god Shiva, the eagle of the god Vishnu and the goose of the god Brahma.The territory of the temple complex is huge and most of it is covered with forest, in good weather you can see the volcano. It is better to visit Prambanan early in the morning - the people are smaller and not so hot. If you want to see not only the central part, then plan on visiting the complex all day.
Alpine plateauDienglocated in the central part of the island of Java. Formed on the site of a huge ancient volcano caldera. Eternally covered with mist, the plain, spread out among the mountains surrounded by rice plantations, is striking in its beauty. In the east of the plateau rise Hindu temples of the XVII century.Initially, the temples were built more than three hundred, which gave the name of the plateau Dieng - "Resident of the gods." Unfortunately, until our time, only a small part has survived - only eight temples.
Once on the plateau, you can see the smoking crater of the Singkang volcano, it is modest in size, but rather menacing. Because of the constant volcanic activity at Dieng, geysers and thermal springs can be found in abundance. Surprise you and volcanicLake Telaga VarnaIn sunny weather, the lake water becomes bright green.
Chandi Sukuh Temple Complex
The temple was built in the XV century on the slope of Mount Lava, at an altitude of 900 meters. This is the only temple in Indonesia, which is built in the form of a stepped pyramid identical to the Mayan pyramids, which causes considerable surprise and raises many mysteries. On the territory of the complex in abundance are various sculptures and altars. Scientists believe thattemple Sukuhwas dedicated to fertility, therefore, many bas-reliefs depict scenes of erotic content. The temple complex is very unusual and this attracts crowds of tourists.
Volcano Kava Ijen
Kava Ijenone of the most interesting, amazing and dangerous volcanoes, not only in Indonesia, but also in the world. The volcano is active, its height is over 2300 meters. In the crater of a volcano lake. But the lake is not ordinary, instead of water in it a mixture of hydrochloric and sulfuric acids. The temperature on the surface of the lake is above 60 degrees C, and inside it is more than 200 degrees C.
The color of the lake is quite changeable: from pale green to malachite. The slopes of the volcano are covered with variegated pieces of sulfur. While sulfur is liquid, it has a blood-red color, and when it hardens, it becomes bright yellow.
The most amazing sight can be seen at night when liquid sulfur flows down the slopes of the volcano, burning with a mad blue flame.
Climbing Kava Ijen is not an easy task - high temperatures, toxic fumes, bad roads. But this does not stop many, the stream of thirsty adventures does not excise at any time of the day. The main thing to stock up on a protective mask, water, comfortable shoes and good photographic equipment. All your efforts will be rewarded with a stunning view of this wonder of nature!
The volcano is visited not only by tourists and researchers, there is a constant mining of sulfur.Locals in inhuman conditions work day and night. The work is hard and underpaid, the average life expectancy of an Indonesian sulfur miner is about 30 years.
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