Mycoplasma and pregnancy: what is the danger?
Objective research data confirm some decrease in immunity in pregnant women. This process is physiological in nature - the body reduces protection against foreign cells of the fetus, in particular due to changes in hormonal status. This causes the exacerbation of many chronic, latently occurring diseases. One of these diseases is mycoplasmosis.
The question of the role of mycoplasmas in the development of pathological conditions in a pregnant woman and fetus has not been fully understood. Mycoplasma persist in the urinary tract pregnant. Infection of the child occurs when the newborn passes through the birth canal. Up to half of girls are infected. Infection of boys is extremely rare. By puberty, the percentage of infected is reduced to 10-15%. During the reproductive years infestation stably reaches 15-70%.
What is dangerous for mycoplasmosis of pregnant women?
There is no unequivocal answer to this question.Mycoplasmas are suspected of being able to provoke spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, inhibit fetal development, cause postpartum complications, etc.
In certain conditions, in combination with another infection, mycoplasma can cause an infectious process. The fruit is infected intranatally. An infection penetrates the fetus through the mucous membranes of the eyes, respiratory, and urogenital systems. The effect of mycoplasma on the fetus causes Mycoplasma hominis. It is the cause of the development of newborn conjunctivitis, pneumonia, respiratory distress syndrome, meningitis, sepsis.
Infants with an unformed immune system are most vulnerable - premature, immature infants with a lack of weight. In full-term infected individuals, over time, mycoplasmas completely disappear without developing symptoms of the disease. It is characteristic that mycoplasma is always sown in studies accompanied by pathogens of other infections.
Mycoplasma during pregnancy: signs
In almost half of the cases, urogenital mycoplasmosis has an asymptomatic course. The infection is activated in conditions leading to a decrease in immunity. Symptoms of the urogenital system are not specific and are similar to other infections:
- scanty or fairly plentiful vaginal discharge;
- itching or slight burning sensation when urinating;
- with involvement of the uterus with appendages, pain in the lower abdomen can join;
- pain occurs during intercourse.
Mycoplasma infection is most dangerous for a pregnant woman and the fetus.
The danger of mycoplasma during pregnancy
Mycoplasmosis in a pregnant woman can lead to the development of inflammation, involving the cervix and amniotic membranes in the process. When the damaged membranes rupture, premature labor occurs.
No less dangerous and postpartum complications. Inflammation of the uterus is the most dangerous of them. Endometritis is manifested by fever, severe lower abdominal pain. More recently, this disease has often been fatal.
The effect of mycoplasma on the fetus
The body of the fetus with an unformed immune system is defenseless against mycoplasmas. The danger for the child is the passage through the birth canal. In this case, mycoplasmosis often affects girls. Microorganisms occupy the respiratory tract.
The activity of the immune response determines the extent of the inflammatory process. It is not always possible to show infection in a child's body.It is possible to remain asymptomatically in the body of an infected person mycoplasma for many years, waiting for a decrease in immunity.
Mycoplasmosis treatment during pregnancy
The question of treatment regimens for mycoplasma during pregnancy remains open. Due to the absence of the cell wall in mycoplasmas, they show sensitivity to antibiotics of the tetracycline series, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, courses for 10 days.
Terrible combination - mycoplasma and pregnancy is a real danger to the mother and fetus. The decision on the issue of specific antibacterial treatment should be made by a specialist based on the objective health data of the pregnant woman and the child.
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