Tips for growing maple in your area
How good it is to get into the shade of a thick, sprawling tree in the summer heat! On your own plot, you often want to get such a “shelter” that would protect you well from the sun's rays, and was a beautiful decoration of the lawn, and in terms of care it was not too whimsical.
So why do not you try to grow maple? These beautiful trees of the maple family have been loved by many of us since childhood: songs and poems are folded about them, weave autumn wreaths, and the pointed multi-colored leaves in the shape of the palm are used for various kinds of creativity. So why not get such beauty in your own garden?
Of course, many gardeners can immediately express their doubt: mature trees can reach 25 meters in height, while the girth of the crown will be 15-20 meters! Of course, for a small garden site, such giants can be a bad idea.
But after all, a maple is a tree that has many species and varieties, some of them are very small and decorative, nevertheless, they have not lost the charm of large brethren.
Almost all types of such trees form dense, relief and even openwork crowns, which perfectly protect from the sun, wind and even city noise. In addition, they are beautiful at any time of the year: in the summer with their saturated green colors, and in the fall - red, pink, yellow and orange! On top of that, the maples are also excellent honey plants, which can also be a determining factor when choosing a new garden tree.
Care and cultivation of maple
So, you finally decided, but then an important question arises, how to grow maple in the garden? Of course, there is a widespread opinion that, in principle, it is an unpretentious and easy-to-care plant that requires almost no attention: it is planted and that is enough.
There is some truth in this, but still there are a certain number of rules and recommendations that are important to follow in order not to ruin a young tree. So, for a start, it is important to decide on a new “place to live”, because in order for maple to grow healthy and strong, it is very important for him where to begin his life path.
In priority - darkened places, in direct sunlight it will also grow, however, it will lose all the diversity and brightness of the leaves.
Next you need to prepare the ground for planting: in principle, the usual garden will do, but it is much better if it is pretreated and humus added. You can use the special soil mixtures, however, their composition, in many respects, will depend on the specific type of maple representatives.
Planting should be done in spring or autumn, the depth of the planting pit for a small seedling is about 50 cm. In order for the plant to settle better, you can put a little mineral fertilizer on the bottom of the prepared pit.
As for the care, everything is quite simple: such trees are able to tolerate drought, but it significantly affects the appearance of the leaves and the crown as a whole. Therefore, if you planted a tree just for aesthetics and its decorative look, then it is very important to ensure proper and regular amount of moisture for it: about 20 liters for the entire dry season.
Young plants may need a double dose of moisture. After a good watering, do not forget to carefully loosen the soil around the tree, regularly remove weeds, so that the planting zone is not strongly compacted. Basically, that's all the basic rules.
It is also an important moment, and those who think that it is necessary only to reduce the growth of a tree are very mistaken. This procedure may be necessary for formative purposes: with the help of simple manipulations, you can change the nature of the growth of branches, which is very important in the conditions of decorative garden.
In addition, pruning can be sanitary, that is designed to remove dry and diseased branches, as well as rejuvenating, which is necessary for the growth of young branches.
Usually pruning is carried out in the autumn months, it is this period that is considered the most favorable for such a procedure. For example, in the spring it is undesirable to cut branches because of active sap flow, and in winter the tree is hibernating, and therefore it does not tolerate various pruning.
It is necessary to carry out such a procedure with the use of a special pruner: the branches are cut at an angle so that the juice does not accumulate at the sites of the slices.
What species can be planted on the site?
- Norway maple. That is what we all know well, it is most often found in our latitudes and European forests, has sharp five-pointed leaves, which, depending on the color of the year, change color.It has many varieties and remains unusually showy at almost any time of the year.
- Silver maple. It is also well known to us, it differs from the previous one with a special silver color on the underside of the leaves. This species is characterized by powerful, but rather fragile branches, which break easily in strong winds.
- Maple red. He came to us from Canada, where he grows in fairly damp places. Suitable for growing in our latitudes - winter hardy and rarely reaches a height of more than 20 meters.
- Japanese. From the name it is quite clear where he came to us from - the unusual form of leaves and crown always attracted gardeners and collectors. However, it must be said that this species is one of the most capricious and difficult to care for, especially in our areas. But the beauty of the result is worth it!
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