Useful properties of small olives

Many people have probably tried canned olives, but not everyone knows how these fruits grow, how useful they are. This product has many amazing properties, which are required to familiarize all who care about their health.

What are olives?

Olives are the fruit of an olive tree, which is called Oliva European. Some people call them olives, but this term is used only in the CIS countries, in Europe it is unknown. There is also a certain division according to which olives are green fruits, and olives are black. But this classification is conditional. Olives grow in the Mediterranean countries and some other southern regions, from which they are exported to different corners of the earth.

The shade of olives entirely depends on their maturity and time of harvest. So, green fruits are immature and are collected in October. In November, the olives continue to be sung and acquire a white shade. In December, ripe fruits are broken, which have acquired a rich dark color.

Dried or dried olives in January. The size may be different, and in some European countries, gradation is used, which indicates the number of fruits in one kilogram (it varies from 70 to 400-420 pieces).

Fully black olives, ripened naturally, does not exist, they are usually painted in dark purple or blue. But ripening can also be artificial, accomplished through oxidation. This process involves the removal of bitterness and soaking the fruit in a solution of caustic soda, which, of course, destroys some of the nutrients. Sometimes iron dye is used to impart a saturated hue.

Olives are divided into three main groups depending on the method of application:

  • Oilseeds are used exclusively to produce olive oil.
  • Universal or combined, which are also called canned oil, can be used for different purposes.
  • Table or canned fruits are consumed whole fresh or preserved.

Amazing composition

The composition of olives includes a wide variety of nutrients: pectins, polyunsaturated fatty acids, proteins,carbohydrates, saponins, potassium, iron, magnesium, copper, phosphorus, calcium, selenium, sodium, zinc, and also vitamins P, E, K, C and group B. The caloric value of 100 grams of the product is about 115-145 kcal, depending on maturity and oil content.


What are the benefits of olives for the human body?

  • These amazing fruits, which, by the way, have no analogues, contain antioxidants, and they are extremely necessary for modern people. Such substances help to neutralize dangerous and insidious free radicals that can trigger cell mutation, as well as accelerate the aging and oxidation of tissues.
  • The beneficial properties of olives do not extend to the cardiovascular system: they help strengthen the walls of blood vessels and prevent them from stretching, normalize blood pressure and nourish the heart muscle, thereby reducing the risk of myocardial infarction.
  • Included in the composition of zinc has pronounced anti-inflammatory properties, allowing to stop inflammation in a variety of diseases.
  • Vitamin E, which is rich in European olives, is especially valuable for women, as it helps to normalize hormones and improve the functioning of the reproductive system.In addition, tocopherol is called the vitamin of youth, as it moisturizes and nourishes the skin, making it fresh and velvety.
  • Men will also appreciate the benefits of olives: only ten fruits eaten every day will increase potency and improve the viability and speed of sperm, increasing the chances of successful conception.
  • Fruits of an olive tree have wound healing effects, restore mucous membranes.
  • Olives are very useful for the gastrointestinal tract, as they improve digestion and, thanks to pectins, stimulate the motility of the intestinal walls, as well as prevent the development of gastritis and ulcers.
  • Regular use of this product will allow to clean all systems of the body from toxins, slags, salts of heavy metals and other harmful substances.
  • Olives have choleretic properties.
  • Eating olives every day in moderate quantities, you can speed up the metabolism and thereby improve the work of the whole body and reduce weight.
  • B vitamins are necessary for the uninterrupted functioning of the nervous system: they strengthen the nerve cells, increase stress resistance, eliminate the effects of stress, improve sleep.
  • These fruits help to reduce the level of "bad" cholesterol, without affecting the "good". And such an impact will provide effective prevention of atherosclerosis.

Potential harm

Olives are very useful if used in moderation. The daily rate is about 50 grams, that is, about 10-15 fruits. Abuse may cause indigestion. Contraindications are few, these include only cholecystitis (the fruits have choleretic properties that are dangerous with this disease) and individual hypersensitivity. It is not necessary to give olives to children younger than two or three years old, since this product is still considered quite heavy, especially for the unformed gastrointestinal tract.

How to choose and use?

When choosing olives, you should pay attention to several important points:

  1. Black or green? The decision depends on your personal taste preferences, but the dark ripe olives are more tender and healthy.
  2. With bones or pits? Of course, their absence is very convenient, and the mass of the fruits in the container will increase. But the removal of seeds violates the natural structure of the pulp, and can also trigger the entry and subsequent reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
  3. Tara.It is best to choose olives in glass jars, as this type of packaging allows you to evaluate the fruit and is not exposed to rust. Tara should be completely sealed.
  4. Rate the composition. Ideally, it should contain only the olives themselves, water, spices and salt. But many manufacturers use artificial additives that prolong shelf life, improve taste and color.
  5. Manufacturer country. The main suppliers of the fruit of the tree are Italy, Greece and Spain, but also Argentinean, Israeli and Tunisian products are found.

Fresh olives are practically not consumed, as they have a bitter taste. But at home and in other countries they actively eat pickled, dried, dried, canned fruits. Also on sale there are stuffed olives with various fillings. The product is widely used in cooking and is added to salads and snacks, soups and hot dishes, pizza and pies, sauces and even cocktails. Also, olives can become an independent appetizer for vermouth or wine.

Be sure to eat healthy and tasty olives, enjoy their taste and improve your health!

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