What if the cat had a runny nose?
Coryza is not only in humans, but also in domestic animals, for example, in cats. And how to identify and treat this disease correctly?
What is this disease?
Runny nose (rhinitis) in cats is a fairly common phenomenon. The nasal passages of these animals are rather narrow, so the slightest swelling will cause severe congestion. In addition, the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity of cats are very sensitive, so that they can be very sensitive to any irritants. All this and causes the inclination of these animals to the common cold.
What causes cats to have a runny nose?
We list the main causes of the development of rhinitis in cats:
- Allergy. Cats are prone to allergic reactions, especially pedigree. Allergens can be contained in the air, in household or detergent products used by the owners, in perfumes, in plant pollen, and so on.
- Some infectious diseases (both viral and bacterial or fungal), such as tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, peritonitis, calicivirosis, panleukopenia, rhinotracheitis, pneumonia, and so on.
- Hypothermia due to prolonged exposure to cold air or eating too cold food.
- Inhalation of hot air can also lead to the development of rhinitis. For example, if you dried the cat with a hairdryer, and a stream of hot air got into your nose, the mucous membranes could become inflamed.
- Inhalation of household particles, detergents or cosmetics, for example, washing powder or powder.
- Inhalation of vapors, such as liquid ammonia, acids, can cause a runny nose.
- The presence of a foreign body in the nose (for example, sand).
- Tumors localized in the nasal cavity.
Symptoms of rhinitis in cats:
- Difficulty breathing. The cat can breathe hard, it will be noticeable. In addition, if the pet cannot breathe through the nose, then it can begin to breathe through the mouth.
- The cat may worry, become lethargic. Painful appearance and behavior change should be alerted.
- If the mucous membranes are severely inflamed, then the pet may try to scratch its nose, pull its paw.
- In some cases, discharge from the nasal passages occurs. They can be transparent and liquid or thick and purulent. Color can vary from transparent or yellowish to gray or even green.In case of damage to the mucous membranes (for example, if a foreign body gets into the nasal cavity), blood impurities can be detected in the secretions. With the drying out of the discharge near the nostrils (especially under them) crusts can form.
- If the cause of a cold is an infection, then an increase in body temperature may be observed. In this case, the pet's nose will be hot to the touch.
- Often rhinitis in cats is accompanied by conjunctivitis. At the same time there is increased tearing, and the eyes may be swollen.
What is dangerous rhinitis?
Such, it would seem, not serious disease as a runny nose, it is quite dangerous. In a normal state, the mucous membranes of the nasal passages clean and warm the incoming air. If they are inflamed, they will not be able to perform their functions.
As a result, the uncleaned and not warmed air will flow into the lungs, which can lead to inflammation of their tissues. In addition, during puffiness, the animal will experience a lack of oxygen, which will worsen the work of all systems and organs. As a result, activity will decrease, appetite will worsen (and this can lead to exhaustion of the pet). And if you do not treat acute rhinitis, then a chronic rhinitis may develop.
When to go to the vet?
You should contact the veterinarian in case of a runny nose anyway, since its causes can be very serious, and if they are not addressed in time, the consequences can be very sad.
But especially the owners should be alerted to such signs as a loss of appetite or a complete refusal to eat, vomiting, fever, weakness, purulent and very abundant discharge.
To determine the causes of rhinitis, should be examined. It will include a nose smear and blood tests.
What to do?
How is the treatment of rhinitis in cats? Basic moments:
- First of all, you need to eliminate the causes of rhinitis. So, if it's a bacterial infection, then most likely the veterinarian will prescribe an antibiotic. For infections of the upper respiratory tract most often used such as "Amoxiclav", "Baytril". If the cause of a cold is a viral disease, then antiviral drugs will be prescribed, for example, Neoferon, Neotim, Giscan, Vitafel and others. With fungal infections, such agents as "Biopyrox" can be prescribed.Remember that the use of any medication should be strictly under the supervision of a veterinarian!
- Form the crust to be removed. You can do it with a cotton swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide.
- If the nose of the animal is strongly blocked and breathing is difficult, then vasoconstrictive drops can be used. But their use begins only on the recommendation of a veterinarian. There are no special preparations for cats, so you can use conventional drugs for people (preferably for children) with a minimum concentration of active components, for example, Derinat, Nazivin. But do not use these drops too often, it can lead to drying out of the mucous and aggravate the situation.
- How to treat a runny nose in the presence of discharge? You should wash the nasal cavity. To do this, you can use a 2% solution of boric acid, 1% solution of soda, saline, sea water ("Aquamaris"), 0.5% solution of tannin. To irrigate the nasal cavity, use a syringe (without a needle). It is better to wrap the cat in a blanket so that it does not scratch. In each nostril enter 0.5-1 gram. The head should not be too strong.Before carrying out this procedure, consult a veterinarian.
- On the recommendation of a doctor, you can warm up the nose using a bag of heated sand. But at an elevated temperature such procedure is counter-indicative.
Let your pet always be active and healthy!
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